Lung cancer is the second leading cause of death for Thai people. Notice the warning signs. Chronic for more than 2 weeks, coughing up blood or blood-tinged sputum, chest pain, weight loss, tiredness, fatigue, loss of appetite, some may have a low-grade fever. or recurring lung infections
Why is “lung cancer” the second leading cause of death in UFABET Thai people?
Dr. Somsak Ankasilp, Director-General of the Department of Medical Services, revealed that lung cancer is the second leading cause of death for Thai people (second in men after liver cancer and number 1 in women ) . hard to do and has a high mortality rate
Lung cancer causes
The major causes of lung cancer are:
- smoking, including cigarettes It is the most important cause of lung cancer. Smokers are 10 times more likely to develop lung cancer than non-smokers, including those who do not smoke directly. But inhalation from other people’s cigarettes is a higher risk than the general population. Because in cigarette smoke there are more than 60 types of carcinogens.
- Received asbestos (asbestos) as a mineral used in many industries. such as construction Building structure, brake lining, heat insulation At risk are those who live or work in an environment where asbestos is contaminated for a long period of time. It can take 15-35 years for lung cancer to develop. For non-smokers but working with asbestos dust May be at risk of lung cancer 5 times more than the general population.
- Other causes: pollution such as PM 2.5, benzene, formaldehyde, etc.
However, many lung cancer patients have no previous history of smoking or asbestos. There is currently no effective and cost-effective lung cancer screening approach. When patients have abnormal symptoms, they tend to have advanced stages of the disease. This makes it difficult to detect the disease in the early stages and has a high mortality rate. The best way today is to avoid risk factors.
danger signal early symptoms of lung cancer
Dr. Skan Bunnag, Director of the National Cancer Institute added that Symptoms suspected of lung cancer include:
- A persistent cough that lasts more than 2 weeks
- coughing up blood or having blood-tinged phlegm
- chest pain
- lose weight
- easily tired, lethargic
- Some people may have a low fever. or recurring lung infections In fact, these symptoms are not specific to lung cancer. They may be found in other diseases such as pulmonary tuberculosis.
If there are any suspected symptoms, further diagnostic testing is required.
Lung Cancer Diagnosis
Diagnosis is made by imaging the lungs (X-ray or CT scan) in conjunction with the detection of cancerous cells such as sputum examination. or a biopsy from the lungs for examination
When it is found that it is definitely lung cancer, the doctor will provide information for the patient and relatives to make a decision. by considering the type of cancer Disease stage and progression The patient’s strength is the key.
How to treat lung cancer
For the treatment of lung cancer, there are surgery, medication, radiation, or a combination of several methods. Due to lung cancer screening to detect the disease in the early stages is difficult and has a high mortality rate.
Therefore, avoiding risk factors such as abstaining from smoking Protect yourself from exposure to asbestos or pollution. Avoid high-fat foods. Eat more fruits and vegetables Exercise regularly and get enough rest to boost the body’s immunity and hurry up to see a doctor when abnormal symptoms are so important.